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Wednesday, September 25, 2013
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How to create user profile using Complex DataType in ASP.NET

8:26 AMWednesday, September 25, 2013

User profile

A user profile is a collection of various properties that describes the information you want to store for a specific user. You can store the properties associated with a user in a user profile. The data that is stored in a profile can be accessed programmatically.
The profile feature in ASP.NET  allows you to define and store user-specific settings. In addition, a website can be more user friendly if it is customized according to the preferences of a user. For example, a shopping website displays the shopping cart that consists of the items that are frequently purchased by the user. To Induce such functionality, a website needs to retrieve and load the user’s data when the request for a Web page is made for the first time. After the request is completed, the current settings, such as the address and phone number of a user, must be stored on the server. Consequently, when  the same user request for the same Web page, the respective settings stored on the server corresponding to a user are retrieved.
The user’s profile is defined in the machine.config  or web.config file . The following Syntax of the web.config file contains the description of a user profile.
    <profile>
        <properties >
          <add name="Address" type ="string"/>
          <add name ="phone" type ="integer"/>
         
        </properties>      
       
       
      </profile>


The preceding syntax defines a profile by using properties in the web.config file. The <add> element defines the properties of a profile. The properties of a user profile consists of both simple data type and complex data types.

Lets take an Simple Example



Web.config file code

<system.web>
    <anonymousIdentification enabled ="true"/>
    <profile>
      <properties >
        <add name="name" type ="string" allowAnonymous ="true"/>
        <add name ="DOB" type ="dateofbirth" allowAnonymous ="true"/>

      </properties>



    </profile>
    <authentication mode="Forms" />
    <compilation debug="false" targetFramework="4.0" />

  </system.web>

Class File Code 

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;

/// <summary>
/// Summary description for dateofbirth
/// </summary>
public class dateofbirth
{ private string day;
        private string month;
        private string year;
        public string Day
        {
            get
            {
                return day;
            }
            set
            {
                day = value;

            }
        }
        public string Month
        {
            get
            {
                return month;
            }
            set
            {
                month = value;
            }
        }
        public string Year
        {
            get
            {
                return year;
            }
            set
            {
                year = value;
            }
        }
public dateofbirth()
{


}

}

Source code

<%@ Page Language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<script runat="server">

    protected void Button1_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        Profile .name =TextBox1 .Text ;
            Profile .DOB.Day=TextBox2 .Text ;
            Profile .DOB.Month =TextBox3 .Text ;
            Profile.DOB.Year = TextBox4.Text;
    }
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head runat="server">
    <title></title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <div>Your DateOfBirth is
    <%= Profile.DOB .Day %>/
    <%= Profile .DOB .Month  %>/<%= Profile .DOB .Year %><br />
    Your Profile Name is
    <%=Profile .name %>
    </div>
    Enter Name:<asp:TextBox ID="TextBox1" runat="server"></asp:TextBox>

    <br />
    Enter Day:<asp:TextBox ID="TextBox2" runat="server"></asp:TextBox>

    <br />
    Enter Month: <asp:TextBox ID="TextBox3" runat="server"></asp:TextBox>

    <br />
    Enter Year : <asp:TextBox ID="TextBox4" runat="server"></asp:TextBox>

    <br />
    <asp:Button ID="Button1" runat="server" onclick="Button1_Click" Text="Submit" />
    <br />

    </form>
</body>

</html>




Output
How to create user profile using Complex DataType in ASP.NET

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