SQL Server Integration with .NET Framework: Introduction to SQL

The .NET Framework is a collection of services and classes and exists as a layer between the .NET applications and the underlying operating system. SQL Server uses various services provided by the .NET Framework. For example, the notification services component is based on the .NET Framework and uses its services to generate and send notification messages.

SQL Server is integrated with the .NET Framework, as shown in the following figure.

SQL Server Integration with .NET Framework: Introduction to SQL

Advantage of the .NET integration is that you can create managed database objects. Managed database objects are created by using any .NET language and can be embedded within the SQL Server. For example, developers can create an object that retrieves data from a Web server and saves it in a database table. This provides the software developer with a flexibility of writing codes in a language the developer is most comfortable with. Therefore, as a database developer, it is important to understand the .NET Framework.

The .NET Framework

The .NET Framework is an environment used to build, deploy, and run business applications. These applications can be built in various programming languages supported by the .NET Framework.

The .NET Framework is designed to make significant improvements in code reuse, code specialization, resource management, Multilanguage development, security, deployment, and administration. Therefore, it helps bridge the gap of interoperability between applications.

The .NET Framework consists of the following components:

  • Development tools and languages
  • Base Class Library
  • Common Language Runtime (CLR)

Development Tools and Languages

The development tools and languages are used to create the interface for the Windows forms, Web forms, and console applications. The development tools include Visual Studio 2005 and Visual C# Developer. The languages that can be used are Visual Basic .NET, C#, or J#. These components are based on the .NET Framework base classes.

Base Class Library

The .NET Framework consists of a class library that acts as a base for any .NET language, such as Visual Basic, .NET, and C#. This class library is built on the object-oriented nature of the runtime. It provides classes that can be used in the code to accomplish a range of common programming tasks, such as string management, data collection, database connectivity, and file access.

CLR provides an environment for the application to run, discussed in next article.

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