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How to Create and Use of Iterators, yield: CSharp Programming

Programmer often use some type of iterators that are used to iterate steps in the programming language. An iterator often use yield keyword to return individual element, this is possible only if it have the current location in the cache.

C# Programming uses these iterators to execute some steps continuously like returning a value continuously from a method. Following program is creating an iterator in c# language.

public Form()
{
InitializeComponent();
foreach (int number in SomeNumbers())
{
string str = number.ToString() + " ";
}
}
public static System.Collections.IEnumerable SomeNumbers()
{
yield return 1;
yield return 2;
yield return 3;
}

Yield keyword keeps the current position of the currently executing statement, so that the iteration can be performed.

Here Foreach keyword is used for looping statements in c# programming language, but it is also used as iterators. Each time when the SomeNumbers() method is called in this loop, the yield keyword will return the specified number and will back to the current position.

That is why the resulting string in str variable will be "1 2 3". There may be many ways to creating iterators like:

Using Collection Class: As the well-known class collection is used to automatically called GetEnumerator method which returns IEnumerable type of data. The same process can be easily implemented using this collection class.

Using Generic List: As GetEnumerator method returns an array of specified elements. Generic method is inherited from IEnumerable interface. Using this method iterators can easily be implemented as in above program.

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Binary Search Linear Search Works only on sorted items. such as  1,2,3,4,5,6  etc
Works on sorted as well as unsorted items. 12,4,5,3,2,1 etc Very efficient if the items are sorted Very efficient if the items are less and present in the beginning of the list. such as Suppose your list items are : 12,3,4,5,1 and you want to search 12 number then you get beginning in the list. Works well with arrays and not on linked lists. Works with arrays and linked lists.
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Memory representation of Linked List Data Structures in C Language

Memory representation of Linked List

             In memory the linked list is stored in scattered cells (locations).The memory for each node is allocated dynamically means as and when required. So the Linked List can increase as per the user wish and the size is not fixed, it can vary.

               Suppose first node of linked list is allocated with an address 1008. Its graphical representation looks like the figure shown below:


      Suppose next node is allocated at an address 506, so the list becomes,



  Suppose next node is allocated with an address with an address 10,s the list become,


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 In the above representation the data stored in the linked list is “INDIA”, the information part of each node contains one character. The external pointer root points to first node’s address 1005. The link part of the node containing information I contains 1007, the address of next node. The last node …