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Saturday, March 15, 2014
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Bind GridView in ASP.NET

3:42 AMSaturday, March 15, 2014

Introduction

Grid view is a Data Source Control. Which represents the Data in form of a Table. Its architecture like a table. It have multiple rows and columns. Diagrammatic representations of Grid View shown below:
GridView in ASP.NET


This table have 5 rows and 3 columns.

How to Bind Grid View using Programming


 Before Bind Database table with Grid view, must connect with Database engine. DOTNET provides a Namespace, such as System.Data.SqlClient, which connects front-end to back-end. This Namespace contains multiple classes such as SqlConnection, SqlCommand and etc.
Front-end can connect with back-end using SqlConnection class. First of all, we create an object for it.
We can access the Data member and member function of class with the help of that object. such as

Step-1

using System. Data. SqlClient;

// Create an instance of SqlConnection class
SqlConnection con = new SqlConnection( );

// Access connection string using con instance.

con. ConnectionString = " Connection String Parameter ";

// Initialize connection string with database parameter

Some ConnectionString parameters which passes inside the ConnectionString. like
Data Source : Server Name;
Database Name : Name of your Database;
User-name : Database user name;
Password :  Password of your Database

For example

connectionString="Data Source=.\SQLEXPRESS;AttachDbFilename=|DataDirectory|\Database.mdf;Integrated Security=True;User Instance=True"

Step-2
Now, open the state of connection. Because state of connection close by default. So call open method from instance of SqlConnection class, such as

con.open( );

After making connection, you can access or delete data from Database table. CommandText property of SqlCommand class provide interface with Database table. You can access this property by instance of SqlCommand class, such as

Step-3

SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand( );
cmd. CommandText = " Select * from [Table-name]";

This Query retrieves whole table of database. If you want to access particular column from table, must include column name inside the query. Like

cmd. CommandText = "Select column-name from [Table-name]";

Step-4

Now, Connect SqlCommand class with Connection object using connection property of SqlCommand class.
cmd. Connection = con;

Step-5

After fetching the data from database table, Read must from SqlDataReader class, which is inside in System.Data.SqlClient Namespace. Like

SqlDataReader rd= cmd. ExecuteReader( );

Step-6

Bind GridView with DataReader. like

Gridview1. DataSource = rd;
Gridview1. DataBind( );


Complete Source code of Design pattern 

 <form id="form1" runat="server">

    <div>

        <asp:GridView ID="GridView1" runat="server">

        </asp:GridView>    

 </div>

    </form>

Complete Business logic

using System.Data.SqlClient;

public partial class Default5 : System.Web.UI.Page
{
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        SqlConnection con = new SqlConnection();
        con.ConnectionString = @"Data Source=.\SQLEXPRESS;AttachDbFilename=|DataDirectory|\Database.mdf;Integrated Security=True;User Instance=True";
        con.Open();
        SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
        cmd.CommandText = "select * from [usertable]";
        cmd.Connection = con;
        SqlDataReader rd = cmd.ExecuteReader();
        GridView1.DataSource = rd;
        GridView1.DataBind();

    }
   
}

Code Generate the following output

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