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Linear QUEUE for Data Structure in 'C'

Linear QUEUE:
Linear Queue is a Queue in which the elements are arranged in a linear order, one after the other like the elements of one-dimensional array or linked list. The arrangement of elements and storage is similar to array or linked list, but the insertion and deletion are restricted.
Implementation of Linear QUEUE using one-dimensional array:
                                                    The linear QUEUE can be represented graphically as consecutive blocks when it is implemented using one-dimensional array. N the maximum number of elements can be added into the QUEUE is called as size of QUEUE. To represent a QUEUE an array of size N can be used. The capacity of QUEUE in this case will  be N.

In the above representation the size of QUEUE is 8. FRONT and REAR index variables can be used to do the DELETE and ADD operations respectively. Initially when the QUEUE is empty FRONT and REAR are assigned with a value 0,because of Lower Bound 1 of array. When both are equal to 0, then the QUEUE is said to be empty.
         When first element is added into the QUEUE, REAR and FRONT are both incremented by 1 and the element to be added is placed at REAR index of QUEUE, QUEUE is name of the array i.e.  FRONT<--1,   REAR<--1    and QUEUE[REAR]<--ITEM. ITEM is the element  to be added to QUEUE. In the further addition operation, the REAR is incremented and the ITEM is copied at REAR index. When the REAR is equal to N, the QUEUE, QUEUE is said to be full. If any addition is done when the QUEUE is full, ‘overflow’ occurs.
         When the element is to be deleted from the QUEUE, the element stored in the QUEUE with FRONT index is deleted by copying it in ITEM and the incrementing FRONT by 1. When FRONT is equal to 0, the QUEUE is empty. When the QUEUE is empty and if the deletion operation is done ‘underflow’, occurs. As an example, consider a QUEUE of size8. It is initially represented as follows:
When element is deleted from the QUEUE, ITEM is copied with A, because QUEUE [FRONT] gives A and FRONT is incremented, QUEUE becomes,
When G is added into QUEUE, the QUEUE becomes,

When I is added into the QUEUE, overflow occurs because REAR=8, the size of QUEUE and QUEUE is full. Even though 1 2 3 4 indices are free, the overflow occurs, this is the disadvantage Circular Queue is used.

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Memory representation of Linked List Data Structures in C Language

Memory representation of Linked List

             In memory the linked list is stored in scattered cells (locations).The memory for each node is allocated dynamically means as and when required. So the Linked List can increase as per the user wish and the size is not fixed, it can vary.

               Suppose first node of linked list is allocated with an address 1008. Its graphical representation looks like the figure shown below:


      Suppose next node is allocated at an address 506, so the list becomes,



  Suppose next node is allocated with an address with an address 10,s the list become,


The other way to represent the linked list is as shown below:




 In the above representation the data stored in the linked list is “INDIA”, the information part of each node contains one character. The external pointer root points to first node’s address 1005. The link part of the node containing information I contains 1007, the address of next node. The last node …