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How to Use Operators with Strings in Java Programming

Operator + with strings

You have used the operator + with numbers. When you use + with numbers, the result is also a number. However, if you use operator + with strings, it concatenates them e.g.

5 + 6 results in to 11.
“5” + “6” results in to “56”.
“17” + “A, V. Vihar” result in to “17 A, V. Vihar”
“abc” + “123” results in to “abc 123”
“” + 5 + “xyz” results in to “5xyz”
“” + 5 results in to “5”

(In above two expressions Java would internally convert 5 in to “5” first and then concatenate with “xyz” and “” respectively.)

Increment/Decrement Operators (++, --)

Java includes two useful operators not generally found in other computer languages (expect C and C++). These are the increment and decrement operators, ++ and --. The operators ++ adds 1 to its operand, and – subtracts one.
In other words,
a = a + 1;
is the same as
++a ; or a++;
a = a – 1
is the same as
--a ; or a --;

However, both the increment and decrements come in to two varieties: they may either precede of=r fallow the operand. The prefix version comes before the operand (as in ++ a or -- a) and the post-fix version comes after the operand (as in a++ or a--). The two version have the same effect upon the operand, but they differ when they take place in an expression.


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Binary Search Linear Search Works only on sorted items. such as  1,2,3,4,5,6  etc
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Memory representation of Linked List

             In memory the linked list is stored in scattered cells (locations).The memory for each node is allocated dynamically means as and when required. So the Linked List can increase as per the user wish and the size is not fixed, it can vary.

               Suppose first node of linked list is allocated with an address 1008. Its graphical representation looks like the figure shown below:

      Suppose next node is allocated at an address 506, so the list becomes,

  Suppose next node is allocated with an address with an address 10,s the list become,

The other way to represent the linked list is as shown below:

 In the above representation the data stored in the linked list is “INDIA”, the information part of each node contains one character. The external pointer root points to first node’s address 1005. The link part of the node containing information I contains 1007, the address of next node. The last node …