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Sunday, May 4, 2014
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Other Remaining Operators used in JAVA Programming

5:25 AMSunday, May 4, 2014
All other remaining operators except assignment operators are listed in this article. Like instance of, shift operators, bitwise and many more described with example in the article.

The following table lists the other operators that the Java programming language supports.

Remaining operators used in java

In the following lines, we are discussing some of these operators. Discussion of all these operators may be large task here.

Conditional operator ?:

Java offers a shortcut conditional operator (?:) that store a value depending upon a condition. This operator is ternary operator i.e., it requires three operands. The general form of conditional operator ?: is as follows:
expressiona1 ? expression2 : expression3

If expression1 evaluates to true i.e., 1, then the value of the whole expression is the value of expression2, otherwise, the value of whole expression is the value of expression3. For instance
result = marks >= 50  ?  ‘P’ : ‘F’ ;

The identifier result will have value ‘P’ if the test expression marks >= 50 evaluates to true otherwise result eill have value ‘F’. Following are some more examples of conditional operator ? :

6 > 4 ? 9 : 7 evaluates to 9 because test expression 6 > 4 is true.
4 == 9 ? 10 : 25 evaluates to 25 because test expression 4 == 9 is false.

The conditional operator might be fascinating you but certainly one tip regarding ? :, we would like all of you to keep in mind and which is being told in form of following tip.
Beware that the conditional operator has a low precedence.The conditional operator has a lower precedence than most other operators that may produce unexpected results sometimes. Consider the following code:
n = 500;
bonus = n + sales > 15000 ? 250 : 50 ;

The above code is trying to add n and the value 250 or 50 depending upon whether sales > 15000 is true or false. But this code will not work in the desired manner. The above code will be interpreted as follows:
bonus = (n + sales) > 15000 ? 250 : 50;

Because operator ‘+’ has higher precedence over > and ?:
Therefore, for the desired behaviour the conditional expression should be enclosed in parentheses as shown below:
bonus = n + (sales > 15000 ? 250 : 50) ;

The [ ] Operator

The square brackets are used to declare arrays, to create arrays, and to access a particular element in an array. Similar data items, such as marks of 20 student or sales of 30 salesmen etc., are combined together in the form of arrays. Here’s an example of an array declaration
Float [ ] arrayofFloats = new float[10] ;

The previous code declares an array that can hold ten floating point numbers. Here’s how you would access the 7th item in that array :
arrayOfFlooats[6];

Please note that first element of array is referred to as array-named[0] i.e., to refer to first item of array namely arrayOfFloats, we shall write arrayOfFloats[0]. We are not going into further details of arrays right now.

The . Operator

The dot (.) operator accesses instance members of an object or class members of a class.

The ( ) Operator

When declaring or calling a method, the method’s arguments are listed between parenthesis ( and ). You can specify an empty argument list by using ( ) with nothing between them.

The ( type ) Operator

This operator casts ( or “ convent “ ) a value to the specified type. You’ll see the usage of this operator a title later in this chapter, under the topic Type Conversion.

The new Operator

You can use the new operator to create a new object or a new array. You’ll find examples highlighting the usage of new operator in a later section – Objects as instances of class – in this chapter.

The instance of Operator

The instanceof operator tests whether its first operand is an instance of second.
Op1  instanceof   op2

Op1 must be the name-of-an-object and op2 must be the name -of -a –class. An object is considered to be an instance of a class if that object directly or indirectly descends from that class.
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