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Floating point constant in C language

Floating point constant

Definition: The numeric values having fractional part are called floating point constants. All  negative Numbers should have prefix ‘- ’. A positive number may have a ‘+’ sign that is optional. Other
Character  are not allowed . The floating point constant can be represented using two forms as:

1. Fractional form
2. Exponent notation(Scientific notation)

Fractional from: Now, let us see  ‘‘how to represent floating point numbers using fractional form?  Explain giving examples.’’ A floating point number represented using fractional form has an integer part followed by a decimal point and a fractional part. We can omit the digits before the decimal point or after the decimal point. For example, 0.5, -0.99, -6, -9,+.9 etc all are valid floating point numbers.

Exponent notation (Scientific notation): Now , the question is ‘‘How to represent floating point numbers in scientific notation? Give examples.’’ The floating point number represented using Scientific notation (also called exponential notation) has three parts namely:
                          (part1)             (part2)                 (Part 3)
                         mantissa             e or E                  exponent

  • The mantissa can be an integer or a floating point number represented using fractional Notation.The letter e or should follow mantissa.
  • The exponent should follow e or E. The exponent has to be an integer ‘‘with optional ‘+’
  • Sign’’ or ‘- ’ sign.

The following table shows invalid floating point numbers. The reasons for invalidity are also shown:

Floating point/ Real Constant
Valid / invalid
Reasons for invalidity
/ is not allowed.
There is no decimal point.
6.5e 8
White space is not allowed between e and 8.
More than one decimal point is not allowed.
Comma is not allowed
Fractional part 6.9 is not allowed in exponent part.


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Memory representation of Linked List

             In memory the linked list is stored in scattered cells (locations).The memory for each node is allocated dynamically means as and when required. So the Linked List can increase as per the user wish and the size is not fixed, it can vary.

               Suppose first node of linked list is allocated with an address 1008. Its graphical representation looks like the figure shown below:

      Suppose next node is allocated at an address 506, so the list becomes,

  Suppose next node is allocated with an address with an address 10,s the list become,

The other way to represent the linked list is as shown below:

 In the above representation the data stored in the linked list is “INDIA”, the information part of each node contains one character. The external pointer root points to first node’s address 1005. The link part of the node containing information I contains 1007, the address of next node. The last node …