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How to use Aggregate Functions in SubQuery with Database

While using subqueries, you can also use aggregate functions in the subqueries to generate aggregated values from the inner query. For example, in a manufacturing organization, the management wants to view the sale records of all the items whose sale records are higher than the average sale record of a particular product.

Therefore, the user first needs to obtain the average of a particular product and then find all the records whose sale record exceeds the average value. For this, you can use aggregate functions inside the subquery.

The following example displays the BusinessEntityID of those employees whose vacation hours are greater ta e average vacation hours of employees with title as ‘Marketing Assistant’:

SELECT BusinessEntityID FROM HumanResources.Employee
WHERE VacationHours > (SELECT AVG(VacationHours) FROM HumanResources.Employee
WHERE JobTitle = 'Marketing Assistant')

The output of the subquery that uses the aggregate function is shown in the following figure.

How to use Aggregate Functions in SubQuery with Database

In the preceding example, the inner query returns the average vacation hours of all the employees who are titled as Marketing Assistant. The outer query uses the comparison operator ‘>’ to retrieve the employee ID of all those employees who have vacation hours more than the average vacation hours assigned for a Marketing Assistant.


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Memory representation of Linked List Data Structures in C Language

Memory representation of Linked List

             In memory the linked list is stored in scattered cells (locations).The memory for each node is allocated dynamically means as and when required. So the Linked List can increase as per the user wish and the size is not fixed, it can vary.

               Suppose first node of linked list is allocated with an address 1008. Its graphical representation looks like the figure shown below:

      Suppose next node is allocated at an address 506, so the list becomes,

  Suppose next node is allocated with an address with an address 10,s the list become,

The other way to represent the linked list is as shown below:

 In the above representation the data stored in the linked list is “INDIA”, the information part of each node contains one character. The external pointer root points to first node’s address 1005. The link part of the node containing information I contains 1007, the address of next node. The last node …